Nor does it reduce the risk of early death from those or other forms of cardiovascular disease (conditions affecting the heart and blood vessels). Over two million subjects were evaluated, with an average follow-up duration of 12 years.
Controversy about the effectiveness of multivitamin and mineral supplements to prevent cardiovascular diseases has been going on for years, despite numerous well-conducted research studies suggested that they don't help.
This means that the market, especially online, is flooded with "fake" medications and supplements.
"Simply put, multivitamins and mineral supplements do not improve cardiovascular health outcomes, so [they] should not be taken for that goal", added Kim.
Rebecca McManamon, consultant dietitian and spokeswoman for the British Dietetic Association, said: "This reiterates the message that instead of supplements, in the United Kingdom we are still not all eating enough fruit and vegetables and we need to keep driving to eat more, as five portions a day or more are linked with a reduced risk of heart disease, as well as reducing risk of some cancers".
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A diet rich in fruits and vegetables has been linked to a lower risk of cardiovascular disease.
Prescription fish oil supplements may help some people with certain specific heart disease risks or conditions, the Heart Association says.
However, multivitamin products' labels are not allowed to make health claims about the ability of the product to diagnose, cure, mitigate, treat or prevent disease. According to data from the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey, about 30% of the American population are multivitamin users.
"The other RCT found that long-term use of a daily multi-vitamin did not provide cognitive benefits among a group of older men". Research has linked vitamin E supplements to an increased risk of prostate cancer, for example.
However, the researchers urged people to protect their heart health by understanding their individual risk for heart disease as it has been a long walk till now to convince people that these Minerals do not prevent cardiovascular diseases.
The report comes shortly after another study published in the Journal of the American College of Cardiology had similar findings. For information about proven actions you can take (during different decades of your life) to prevent cardiovascular disease, go to the American Heart Association's website.