The money laundering charges come a month after he claimed trial to three charges of criminal breach of trust and one charge of abuse of power at the High Court. Asked if he understood them, Najib - dressed in a dark blue suit and looking exhausted - said he did.
As for the sole charge of abusing his position for self-gratification of RM42 million in the course of a government decision, a minor change amended mention of Najib's "participation or involvement in" to just "involvement in" a decision on behalf of the government to give government guarantee for RM4 billion of loans from civil servants' pension fund Retirement Fund Incorporated (KWAP) to SRC International. He faces up to 15 years in jail for each charge.
The charges were read out before Justice Mohd Nazlan Mohd Ghazali in Malay, to which the former premier pleaded not guilty on Wednesday (Aug 8).
His case was transferred to another court, where he entered not guilty pleas, meaning he will stand trial.
Najib was slapped with fresh charges of receiving RM27mil, RM5mil and RM10mil, which were allegedly obtained from illegal activities, into his bank accounts in three separate transactions.
He also plead not guilty to those charges.
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He and his wife, Rosmah Mansor, have been barred from leaving the country since he lost an election in May, and the new prime minister, his mentor-turned-foe Mahathir Mohamad, relaunched an investigation into 1MDB.
Earlier, Najib arrived at the courthouse in a four-car motorcade accompanied by his children.
1MDB is being investigated by at least six countries, including Singapore, Switzerland and the United States, over alleged money laundering and graft.
Lawsuits filed by the D.O.J. estimate $4.5 billion was misappropriated from 1MDB.
1MDB, set up by Mr Najib in 2009, was meant to turn the capital, Kuala Lumpur, into a financial hub and boost the economy through strategic investments.
Here's a detailed look at the scandal.