While he has not been among the top scorers, it has been his overall contribution that has seen him take home the prize and the way that he has been able to finish above Ronaldo and Messi is a special feat.
In the women's category, Lyon duo Ada Hegerberg and Dzsenifer Marozsan will fight with Orlando Pride's Marta for the crown, whilst the coaching award will be for Lyon's Reynald Pedros, Japan's Asako Takakura or the Netherlands' Sarina Weigman.
A Ballon d'Or for the world's top female footballer will be awarded alongside the traditional men's honour this year, France Football announced.
Salah did not go away empty handed, however, as he picked up the Puskas award for best goal for his strike against Everton in the Merseyside derby last December.
Ferre said most of the female players he spoke with about the new Ballon d'Or have been enthusiastic.
Mohamed Salah wins FIFA Puskas award for strike against Everton
Salah is also in a three-way battle with Luka Modric and Cristiano Ronaldo to win the Best FIFA Men's Player award. Mohamed Salah has won the FIFA Puskas award for his Premier League strike against Everton last season.
Modric's success means Ronaldo remains tied with Messi having won FIFA's award in different guises five times each.
She led Brazil to the Copa America in April, as they won all seven matches - although she only scored one of their 31 goals.
Federation Internationale de Football Association made five changes to the side selected in 2017.
No French player was on the shortlist but Didier Deschamps was voted manager of the year after becoming only the third man to win the World Cup as a player and coach.
The former Marseille, Juventus and Chelsea midfielder captained his country as they won the World Cup in 1998, before guiding them to victory again in Russian Federation in July.