Chinese Foreign Ministry spokesman Geng Shuang said Beijing has lodged stern complaints with Washington over the action, which triggers a ban on entering the US, forbids conducting transactions with the USA financial system and forces the blocking of all property and interests in property within USA jurisdiction.
Mr Mattis travelled to China in June in an attempt to deepen military-to-military dialogue with Beijing, even as Sino-US trade tensions climbed and anxiety in Washington grew over China's modernisation of its armed forces and its increasingly muscular military posture in the South China Sea.
In addition to its anger over the $330 million military sale to Taiwan announced on Monday, China is strongly objecting to a USA decision to issue a visa ban and assets freeze on China's Equipment Development Department and its director, Li Shangfu.
Also on Tuesday, China demanded the Trump administration cancel a planned $330 million sale of military equipment to Taiwan, the self-ruled island that Beijing considers a renegade province. Washington has no official relations with Taiwan's democratically elected government but is obliged by USA law to see that it has the means to defend itself.
The US imposed a 10% tariff on $200 billion worth of Chinese products Monday, and China immediately retaliated with duties on $60 billion in American goods.
Canada's PM sees possibility to build on U.S.-Mexico NAFTA deal
Trump himself has suggested that he might simply abandon talks with Canada if Canada did not join the agreement with Mexico. Whether the US could actually proceed with a separate bilateral deal with Mexico, absent Canada, is a matter of debate.
Chinese military helicopters and fighter jets took part in rehearsals ahead of a military parade to commemorate the end of World War II in Beijing, Sunday, Aug. 23, 2015. The country is militarizing reclaimed land in the seas and regularly disputes the sovereignty of islands in the region. -China tensions, following the cancellation of two separate scheduled bilateral meetings on trade and military-military exchange. In May, the United States disinvited the People's Liberation Army-Navy from the 2018 iteration of the biennial Rim of the Pacific multilateral naval drills.
At the Pentagon, Lieutenant Colonel Dave Eastburn confirmed that the USA military had been informed that China's Navy chief would no longer meet America's top naval officer, Admiral John Richardson.
All of this comes as other longstanding issues, such as the South China Sea and the Korean Peninsula, continue to weigh heavily on the relationship between the United States and China, two major powers with national interests often in conflict with one another. The U.S. also recently issued sanctions on China after discovering the country had bought fighter jets from Russian Federation and a surface-to-air missile system. In addition to warning that failure to revoke the sanctions would mean Washington "must bear the consequences", Beijing postponed a meeting it had been scheduled to host this week between USA and Chinese military staffs.
Chinese Deputy Foreign Minister Zheng Zeguang summoned US Ambassador to China Terry Branstad over the sanctions.