Appeared the first mission on mercury

Japanese spacecraft with Belarusian shields off to study Mercury

Mercury-bound spacecraft sends back first selfies

"It is known that the start of the mission took place on 20 October at 4:45 Moscow time, outside the atmosphere of Earth station launched launch vehicle" Ariane-5" from Kourou. The Ariane 5 rocket carrying BepiColombo successfully lifted off Saturday.

The mission BepiColombo, named after Italian scientist Giuseppe Colombo famed as Bepi Colombo, comprises of two satellites- the ESA's Mercury Planetary Orbiter (MPO, or "Bepi") and JAXA's Mercury Magnetospheric Orbiter (MMO, or "Mio"). After arriving in late 2025, the spacecraft - built under the industrial leadership of Airbus - will examine the peculiarities of Mercury's internal structure and magnetic field generation, as well as how the planet interacts with the sun and solar wind.

The network has published a picture taken BepiColombo spacecraft sent to mercury.

Now, as it makes its journey to the fiery planet, ESA has revealed BepiColombo's first "selfie" in space, looking along one of its extended solar arrays.

According to ESA, signals from the BepiColombo were received at ESA's control centre in Darmstadt, Germany, confirming that launch was successful. Researchers are also hoping to learn more about the formation of the solar system from the data gathered by the BepiColombo mission. Jan Wörner, the ESA's director general, said in a statement that the "mission will return a huge bounty of science". The trip to only 58 million kilometers away from the sun a planet is considered to be the so far most complex space mission of the Esa in its more than 40-year history. The only other spacecraft to get to Mercury was Mariner 10. NASA's Messenger probe completed its mission in 2015.

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A suite of 11 instruments on the MPO will map the surface of Mercury and probe its chemical composition for up to two years.

JAXA's head Hiroshi Yamakawa hailed "the excellent achievement of launch operations", while expressing the "high expectations that the ensuing detailed observations on the surface and interior of Mercury will help us better understand the environment of the planet, and ultimately, the origin of the Solar System including that of Earth".

Scientists have equipped the se probes with special insulation that will enable them to cope with extreme temperatures ranging from 430 degree C on the side facing the sun to minus 180 degree C in Mercury's shadow.

ESA and JAXA have been implementing the BepiColombo program since 2008. JAXA's Hayabusa2 probe dropped a German-French rover on the asteroid Ryugu earlier this month.

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