The ways in which humans feed, fuel and finance modern societies is pushing the planet's natural systems to the brink, threatening the very foundation on which the world economy is based, according to the WWF's Living Planet Report 2018, published on Tuesday (30 October).
WWF-India said that over 4,000 species were monitored across the globe, and a 60 per cent decline was noticed between 1970 to 2014. Geographically, South and Central America have been hit hardest, with 89 percent less wildlife in 2014 than in 1970.
"This report sounds a warning shot across our bow", said Carter Roberts, president, and CEO of WWF-US. It also looked at the Species Habitat Index which measures changes in species distribution, the International Union of Conservation of Nature Red List Index tracking extinction risks, and the Biodiversity Intactness Index measuring community composition.
Ours is also the first generation that has a "clear picture of the value of nature and the enormous impact we have on it", the report says.
With the world set to review progress on sustainable development and conserving biodiversity under United Nations agreements by 2020, there is a window of opportunity in the next two years, the group argued. It urged for a new, global agreement between governments, businesses, research and civil society to seize the opportunity and ramp up momentum.
$132K Raised To Support ACS Fight Against Breast Cancer
Black woman may face other barriers like lack of insurance, money for treatment or child care to attend doctor visits. This can be used as a cheap, effective screening test to identify early stage breast cancer with just a blood sample.
Nature provides humanity with countless ecosystem services: pollination of food crops, provision of medicinal compounds, water purification, regulation of air quality, soil stabilisation, moderation of extreme weather events and climate change prevention, among others.
The report uses the term "Great Acceleration" as the unique event we are now experiencing in the 4.5 billion-year history of the planet with exploding human population and economic growth driving unprecedented planetary change through the increased demand for energy, land and water. "There can not be a healthy, happy and prosperous future for people on a planet with a destabilized climate, depleted oceans and rivers, degraded land and empty forests".
Leslie also said Canada has committed to new land protections the size of Alberta by 2020, and if it's done right, the country could make "meaningful progress" on protecting Canadian wildlife. The group is calling for an global agreement on par with the 2015 Paris accord for the climate. At present, the 1993 Convention on Biological Diversity is the key multilateral treaty on biodiversity conservation.
A 190 per cent rise in ecological footprint or consumption of natural resources was recorded in the past 50 years.
"When you lose biodiversity and world becomes biologically and aesthetically a poorer place", Keith Somerville, a professor in human-wildlife conflict at Kent University, told NBC News. But the total population of animals would not be much changed.
Populations of the wandering albatross have seen rapid declines as the birds are accidentally caught in long-line fisheries, with one population from Bird Island, South Georgia, falling 50% between 1972 and 2010, according to data from the British Antarctic Survey.