The Trump administration in its own notice announcing the USA delegation did not specify how long the visit would last, saying only that talks between the two countries were "beginning Monday".
USA farmers and global seed companies have long complained about Beijing's slow and unpredictable process for approving GM crops for import, stoking trade tensions between the two sides.
Bloomberg reported that China had communicated they would have a lower level Commerce Ministry official participating in the talks.
The American delegation is led by a deputy US trade representative, Jeffrey D. Gerrish, and includes agriculture, energy, commerce, treasury and State Department officials. "The Chinese side firmly opposes the relevant action by the US side and urges the U.S.to immediately stop such provocations".
Working-level trade talks between the United States and China began Monday in Beijing with negotiators for the world's two biggest economies trying to resolve tariff disputes that have roiled world markets in recent weeks.
Lu Kang, spokesman for China's foreign ministry, said on Monday that Chinese military aircraft and naval vessels were dispatched to identify the United States vessel and warn it to leave the area near the disputed Paracel Islands in the South China Sea, claimed by China.
"I think China wants to get it resolved - their economy's not doing well", Mr Trump told reporters on Sunday. Wilbur Ross, U.S. Trade Representative Robert Ligthhizer, National Economic Council Dir.
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Facing a March deadline, talks aimed at ending a trade war between China and the USA are underway, with the world's two biggest economies expressing optimism over the potential for progress.
Beijing and Washington have raised tariffs on billions of dollars of each other's goods, prompting fears the conflict will dampen global economic growth that is showing signs of slowing.
The trade clash reflects American anxiety about China's rise as a potential competitor in telecommunications and other technology. -Chinese relations. They say Beijing's goal probably is to show enough progress to persuade Trump to extend his deadline.
Trump raised import duties on Chinese goods in July over longstanding complaints Beijing steals technology or pressures foreign companies to hand it over.
"It is imperative for the two sides to create enabling environment for the talks at this time", he said.
Treasury officials have made the case that market volatility is in part due to the tightening of USA monetary policy, and a result of the trade war with China.
China heralded an agreement in the last week of December between China and the U.S.to hold another round of in-person meetings in January, the meetings that are now occurring this week. There are concerns that US growth, 3.4 percent in the third quarter, is also slowing even as the country's unemployment rate remains almost at a five-decade low. He is pushing to address concerns of China's alleged theft of intellectual property and market-access barriers, as well as to demand structural economic reforms.