The investigators calculated that mammography and improved treatment decreased the expected mortality rate of breast cancer in 2018 by 45.3 to 58.3 percent. The good news is more than half of deaths linked to the disease were prevented in the USA over the past three decades; however, there's a big racial gap in Georgia.
"The best possible long-term effect of our findings would be to help women recognize that early detection and modern, personalized breast cancer treatment saves lives, and to encourage more women to get screened annually starting at age 40", Hendrick said.
Based on the findings, leading United Kingdom clinicians and researchers suggest that regular screening in women identified at moderate or high risk of breast cancer could be lowered to women aged 35-39.
The major United Kingdom trial concluded annual screening for younger women aged 35-39 who have a family history of breast cancer would be effective in detecting tumours earlier and potentially save thousands of lives.
"Early detection remains absolutely critical to stopping women dying from breast cancer". 28 of those discovered were smaller than 2cm in size, 7 had spread to the lymph nodes.
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Breast Cancer Now's chief executive Baroness Delyth Morgan said: "We believe these findings could be practice-changing, and urge the Government's upcoming review of NHS screening programmes to set out what further evidence is needed to consider screening for women aged 35 to 39 who are at increased familial risk of breast cancer". Hence, before allowing it to spread in the entire body, these small tumors could be removed permanently to prevent women from breast cancer.
Lead author Professor Gareth Evans, from the University of Manchester, said the results of the new trial were "very promising". The NHS offers all women aged 50 to 70 breast x-ray screening every three years....
"Over 335,000 women were diagnosed with new breast cancer in the United States in 2018", she noted, and "eight out of ten of these women have no family history of breast cancer".
He noted that now, only about half of USA women over 40 years of age receive regular screening mammography.
"Our study provides evidence of just how effective the combination of early detection and modern breast cancer treatment have been in averting breast cancer deaths", Hendrick said in a journal news release.
An NHS England spokeswoman said an upcoming review by Professor Mike Richards will consider changes to the screening programme.